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In this article, I will discuss how to complete an essential integration with Google Sign-In with Node JS and Passport JS.

Initializing a NodeJS Project

To begin with, let’s create an Express Application. Create a new…


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In this article, you will learn about greedy algorithms and how these can be used in a lot of programming problems.

Greedy algorithms are simple instinctive algorithms used for optimization (either maximized or minimized) problems. This algorithm makes the best choice at every step and attempts to find the optimal way to solve the whole problem. This means that it makes a locally optimal choice in the hope that this choice will lead to a globally optimal solution. Generally, greedy algorithms do not provide globally optimized solutions.

This algorithm is very successful in many tasks but, in some cases, it…


Browsers can store key-value pairs in a better way than using cookies.

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In this article, I am going to discuss HTML web storage that is used in Web browsers. Let’s dive into the explanation.

What are cookies?

Cookies🍪

Browser cookies are identified and read by “key-value” pairs. These tell cookies where to be sent and what data to recall. Cookies are stored in web browsers that contain users’ information, and they can store the user’s browsing activity, such as user’s details that entered through form fields and payment information.

There are two types of cookies that are more important.

• Persistence cookie

This cookie…


Understanding the greedy algorithm

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Let’s think of an array of stick-lengths, find which three sticks form a non-degenerate triangle such that:

  • the triangle has a maximum perimeter
  • if there are two or more combinations with the same value of maximum perimeter, output the one with the longest side.
  • Output -1 if not possible

Are you confused about the non-degenerate triangle?

If a, b and c are the sides of the triangle, and if the following 3 conditions are true, then it is a non-degenerate triangle.


Basics of Model-View-Controller Architecture

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What is MVC architecture?

The Model-View-Controller (MVC) is an architectural pattern that separates an application into three main logical components: the model, the view, and the controller. Each of these components is built to handle specific development aspects of an application. MVC is one of the most frequently used industry-standard web development frameworks to create scalable and extensible projects.


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The above feature makes it a LIFO (Last-In-First-Out) data structure. Here, the element which is inserted last is accessed first. In stack…


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In this article, I am going to discuss the most useful Widgets that we need when we are going to develop a flutter application.

  1. AppBar class
  2. Scaffold class
  3. Container class

1. AppBar class

AppBar is usually the topmost component of the app (or sometimes the bottom-most), it contains the toolbar and some other common action buttons. All the components in a flutter application is a widget or a combination of…


One of the main reasons to use threads in Java is to make a task run parallel to another task.

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Why we use Threads in Java?

We use Threads to make Java applications faster by doing multiple things at the same time. In technical terms, Thread helps us to achieve parallelism in Java programs. Since the CPU is high-speed and it even contains multiple cores, just one Thread cannot take advantage of all the cores. This means our costly hardware will remain idle for most of the time.

Using multiple threads, we can take full advantage of multiple cores by serving more clients and serving them…


The Map interface is not a subtype of the Collection Interface. Therefore it behaves a bit differently from the rest of the collection types.

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In my previous article, we discussed Java lists, queues, and sets in the Java Collection Interface. If you are not familiar with lists, queues, and sets. Let’s dive into Java Map Interface.

What is the Java Map Interface?

The Map interface is present in java.util package and represents a mapping between a key and a value. The Map interface is not a subtype of the Collection Interface. Therefore it behaves a bit differently from the rest of the collection types.

A Map…


Architecture for storing and manipulating a group of objects

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What is meant by the collection framework?

The Collection in Java is a framework that provides an architecture to store and manipulate the group of objects.

Java Collections can achieve all the operations we perform on data, such as searching, sorting, insertion, manipulation, and deletion.

Java Collection means a single unit of objects. Java Collection framework provides many interfaces (List, Set, Queue, Deque) and classes (ArrayList, Vector, LinkedList, PriorityQueue, HashSet, LinkedHashSet, TreeSet).

Hierarchy of Collection Framework

The java.util package contains all the classes and interfaces for the Collection framework.

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